Rickets is a bone disorder caused due to vitamin D deficiency, resulting in soft, weak bones and skeletal deformities. It is a very common disorder in children but can be prevented with proper nutrition and supplementation.


Causes:  The main cause of rickets is a deficiency of Vitamin D, which is essential for absorbing calcium and phosphorus from food. This is usually due to a lack of sunlight exposure or inadequate nutrition. Other causes include certain medications and diseases that interfere with the body’s ability to absorb and use Vitamin D, such as cystic fibrosis, kidney failure, and celiac disease.


Symptoms:  The most common symptoms of rickets include bowed legs, knock-knees, swollen wrists and ankles, and soft, weak bones that are prone to fractures. Other symptoms may include raspy breathing, poor growth, and delayed tooth development.


Diagnosis:  Rickets is typically diagnosed with a physical exam and blood tests to measure the levels of vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus. X-rays may also be used to examine the bones for signs of deformity.


Treatment:  Treatment for rickets typically involves increasing the intake of Vitamin D and calcium, either through diet or supplements. If necessary, medication may be prescribed to help the body absorb and use Vitamin D more effectively. In some cases, surgery may be needed to correct deformities caused by the condition.


Prevention:  Rickets can be prevented by ensuring that children get enough vitamin D and other essential nutrients through diet and supplementation. Children should also get regular exposure to sunlight to help their bodies absorb vitamin D from the sun. Additionally, children with certain conditions that may predispose them to rickets should be monitored closely by their doctor to ensure proper nutrition and vitamin D levels. Rickets can be prevented with proper nutrition and supplementation.  Supplements may be necessary for those with certain medical conditions or those who are unable to obtain enough sunlight.


Rickets is a serious condition that can cause permanent bone damage if not treated properly. By following the above steps, parents can help ensure their children get the nutrients they need to stay healthy and strong.