Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurological disorder of motion and coordination, it is defined by a lack of muscle tone and posture. The indications of cerebral palsy are probable to be blindness, epilepsy, deafness, intellectual disability, and inability to walk.

Cerebral Palsy Reasons

Cerebral palsy is largely driven by a disruption in the development of the brain at the time of birth. Still, the reason behind this disruption or abnormality is not known. Various factors that lead to the condition comprise:

  • Sporadic mutation in the genes governing the development of the brain.

  • Maternal infection impacting the development of the fetus.

  • Infant infection resulting in brain inflammation.

  • Traumatic head injury is inclusive of birth injuries.

  • Fetal stroke leading to disruption in blood flow, thus obstructing the development of the brain.

  • Lack of oxygen

Cerebral Palsy Indications

Cerebral palsy indications change and can be rooted in early childhood. The ones that have an impact by cerebral palsy may face movement problems such as:

  • Immobile and floppy muscles

  • Inflexibility in the movement of muscles

  • Forced movements

  • Undue swallowing or drooling

  • Trouble in speaking

  • Exertion in holding objects

  • Exertion in walking

  • Difficulty in writing movements

Other abnormalities with cerebral palsy result in neurological problems. Persons suffering from cerebral palsy may also experience:

  • Blindness
  • Deafness

  • Oral troubles

  • Intellectual disability

  • Seizures

  • Psychiatric health difficulty

Cerebral Palsy Diagnosis

A doctor specialized in treating brain and nerves disorder (neurologist) will advise tests to diagnose cerebral palsy. These tests consider:

MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): It assists in identifying abnormalities and lesions.

Cranial ultrasound: It aids in the primary examination of the brain.

CT (Computerized tomography) scan: It helps in identifying abnormalities.

Electroencephalogram (EEG): If the person suffers from seizures and epilepsy, the EEG test supports in identifying cerebral palsy.

The doctor may suggest additional tests to diagnose conditions such as blood clotting, vision and hearing impairment, intellectual disabilities, etc.

Cerebral Palsy Treatment

Cerebral palsy treatment is long-duration and needs medical care of various medical professionals for example pediatrician, pediatric neurologist, orthopedic surgeon, physical, occupational and developmental therapist, mental health specialist, social worker, and teacher. Medications can also aid in lessening the stiffness of muscles and better functional abilities. Various therapies can also assist in treating a person with cerebral palsy which covers physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech and language therapy.

In few instances, surgery may also be required to correct the bone abnormalities and reduce the tightness of muscles.

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