Spastic cerebral palsy

Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type of cerebral palsy. The muscles of people with spastic cerebral palsy feel stiff and their movements may look stiff and jerky.

Spasticity is a form of hypertonia, or increased muscle tone. This results in stiff muscles which can make movement difficult or even impossible.

Muscles appear stiff because the messages to the muscles are sent incorrectly through the injured part of the brain When a muscle is affected by spasticity, the faster the limb is moved, the stiffer it seems Spasticity arises as a result of injury to bundles of neurons in the brain and spinal cord called the corticospinal tracts and corticobulbar tracts Spasticity is seen in a number of different conditions including cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, stroke and multiple sclerosis People may have difficulty moving from one position to another and controlling individual muscles or muscle groups needed for performing certain tasks like handling objects or speaking
Three bones come across to form your knee joint: your thighbone (femur), shinbone (tibia), and kneecap (patella). Your kneecap sits in front of the joint to render some protection. Bones are attached to other bones by ligaments. There are four particular ligaments in your knee. They function like strong ropes to hold the bones together and keep your knee firm. Collateral Ligaments Collateral Ligaments are located on the sides of your knee. The internal lateral subsidy is placed inward, and the collateral ligament is placed outside. They adjust the movement next to the knees and embrace it with rare movements. Cross Ligament These are within the articulation of your knee. They intersect each other and represent "X" with a fourth-quarter square lingam. Transversal ligament Adjusts the movement of the knees before and after. In the center of the knee, the crucified ligament runs diagonally. It keeps the tibia from slipping against the femur and gives the knee rotational stability. Normal knee anatomy. The knee is composed of four main things. Bone, cartilage, ligament, tendon.
Almost half of all lesions in the cruciated front ligament damage other knees structures, such as cartilage, meniscus, or other joint ligaments. Injured ligaments are regarded as "sprains" and are graded on a severity scale. Grade 1 Sprains. The ligament is gently damaged in a Grade 1 Sprain. It has been somewhat stretched but is still able to aid in keeping the knee joint stable. Grade 2 Sprains. The ligament is stretched to the point of becoming loose in a Grade 2 Sprain. This is commonly referred to as a partial ligament tear. Grade 3 Sprains. This type of sprain is most normally cited as a complete tear of the ligament. The ligament has been fragmented into two pieces, and the knee joint is shaky. The anterior cruciate ligament is rarely torn in half; most ACL injuries are total or near-complete rips.
The anterior cruciate ligament can be injured in various ways: • Altering direction rapidly • Stopping abruptly • Slowing down at the time of running • Landing from a jump in an incorrect manner • Direct contact or collision, such as a football tackle Numerous studies have revealed that female athletes have a higher chance of ACL injury as compared to male athletes in specific sports. It has been suggested that this is because of the differences in physical conditioning, muscular strength, and neuromuscular control. Other suggested causes consist of differences in pelvis and lower extremity (leg) alignment, enhanced looseness in ligaments, and the impact of estrogen on ligament properties.
When you impair your anterior cruciate ligament, you may hear a "popping" noise and you may experience your knee give out from under you. Other characteristic symptoms include: • Pain with swelling. Within a span of 24 hours, your knee will swell. If unattended, the swelling and pain may recover on their own. Though, if you try to return to sports, your knee will possibly be unstable and you risk causing further damage to the cushioning cartilage (meniscus) of your knee. • Loss of full range of motion • Tenderness along the joint line • Lack of comfort while walking